Rocky Boy Tribe
Chippewa Indians of
They are probably the fathers of all Algonquians and also Anishinabe. Their original homeland was located in what is now the Illinois region of the United States. I know very little about these people, particularly if they share the same migration story of the Anishinabe people. If they do share the same migration story of the Anishinabe people, it definitely means they are in fact Anishinabe. They were prone to look out for themselves after the whites invaded and that caused strife within the Anishinabe Nation. When the white English commenced to sneak their way into the Illinois region they secretly formed a trade relationship with the Illini people. That was learned of by the powerful Anishinabe Nation who ordered their brave soldiers be sent to the Illini country to stop the Illini from dealing friendly with not only the English whites but also the Spanish whites who had established trading posts in the country of the Illini. With the Anishinabe ogimak not willing to allow the white invaders to openly trade among Indian peoples, came the defiance of the Illini and also even some other Anishinabek. They be the Miami Anishinabek who endurred a short civil war in the early 1750s.
In the late 1760s (it really may have been the late 1770s) an Illini man assassinated Pontiac. Most likely the whites hired an Illini man to carry out the assassination. However, Anishinabe ogimak became so infuriated with the disloyalty of the Illini people to the Indian cause, they sent 1,000s of their soldiers to war upon the Illini people. They nearly exterminated the Illini people after learning that an Illini man assassinated Pontiac. Afterwards, the Anishinabe people migrated into the former land of the Illini people. That be all of Arkansas, Illinois, Iowa, Kentucky, Missouri, and Tennessee. After the civil war between the Anishinabe Nation and the Illini people, the surviving Illini were subjugated by the Anishinabe Nation and forced to migrate west and south with them. Today, the Illini people live primarily in Oklahoma but many live in Kansas and Mexico. It was likely that the Anishinabe people looked upon the Illini as being non Algonquian.
Anyway, a large group of Illini Anishinabek migrated into Texas and Mexico with all other Anishinabek. Today, there is one Illini Anishinabe Reservation in west Texas, near Eagle Pass. There is another Illini Reservation in the Mexican State of Coahuila, near the town of Muzquiz, Coahuila. It's settlements are named Nacimiento de los Indios. About 5 miles away is the other Anishinabe (Seminole) settlement named Nacimiento de los Negros. It is thus named because many of the Seminole living at Nacimiento de los Negros, are black. The Anishinabe Coahuila Reservation covers 17,352 acres. There is another Illini Reservation located in the Mexican State of Durango. Historically, they claim the Anishinabe Durango Reservation was eliminated but that is likely fabricated. The Anishinabe Durango Reservation is probably located in eastern Durango, east of the large Mexican city of Durango. It also covers 17,352 acres. Another Anishinabe Coahuila Reservation was established near Zaragoza, Coahuila. It covers over 78,000 acres. They also claim that the Reservation was eliminated but that is fabricated. It is either located about 30 miles south of the large Mexican city of Torreon, near the Zaragoza, Coahuila there, which is very near the Durango border, or it is located between Morelos and Zaragoza, Coahuila, which is very near Nacimiento.
There is also another Anishinabe Mexican Reservation in the Mexican State of Sonora. It may cover over 29,000 acres, or it covers 238,000 acres. According to Martin J. Bentley who was an attourney for the Kickapoo Anishinabek and all other Anishinabe people of the Kansas-Oklahoma region, the Anishinabe Reservation in Sonora, Mexico covered 238,000 acres and was located in an enormous basin which was practically fenced in. It does and does not, resemble the Anishinabe Tamichopa Reservation in northeastern Sonora. It more resembles the entire Mexican State of Chihuahua which is covered by a vast basin and is surrounded by mountains. At the present time the Anishinabe people of Sonora, Mexico are still clinging on to their Anishinabe identity. Their Sonora Reservation is located about 70 miles south of the United States border.
After their Reservation was established in Sonora, it was reduced in size then increased in size by two Presidents of Mexico in the 20th century. Besides Tamichopa, other Anishinabe settlements in Sonora include Bacerac and Huachinera, as well as probably a couple of others. However, most of the citizens living in those settlements have lost their Anishinabe identity, excepting those at Tamichopa. Tamichopa has a current population of near 100 Anishinabe people who are clinging on to their Anishinabe identity. Throughout the tiny valley, from Huachinera to a few miles north of Bacerac, are many a farm. The valley is almost completely surrounded by mountains some of which are higher than 7,000 feet in elevation. There may be up to 10,000 to 15,000 people living on the Reservation. In Coahuila, the population of the two Anishinabe settlements is probably between 3,000 and 4,000. In reality, all of northern Mexico is an Anishinabe Reservation which was set aside by the whites during or after the 1910-1920 Mexican Civil War. However, through treaty agreements the Anishinabe people were forced to speak Spanish and then were forced to lose their Anishinabe identity. However, as we know from the Anishinabe Reservations in Coahuila and Sonora, there are still several thousand Mexican Anishinabe people clinging on to their Anishinabe Nationality.