Rocky Boy Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Montana
Mohican Indians and History
A forced diaspora led the mohican indians to flee their original homeland, which was located back east, in close proximity to the atlantic ocean. Their history takes the mahican indians eastwards towards the new england region, especially massachusetts and new york. After the whites invaded, the prophecy aware Anishinabek prepared for war against the people they knew would show up to take their land. Large numbers of Anishinabe settlers forced their way towards what is now the southeastern united states, in order to build a line of defense to defend indian land from the invading whites.
By the beginning of the 18th century, 10,000s, if not 100,000s of Anishinabe settlers, had forced their way from quebec down to florida, but the whites launched devastating disease epidemics throughout the 16th and 17th centuries, which decimated the native indian population in the eastern portion of what is now the united states, including that of the mohican indian people. The whites first established military forts on islands such as newfoundland and off the north carolina, south carolina, and virginia coasts, then in the early 17th century commenced to invade. Their superior weapons easily defeated the Anishinabe and their allies, including the mohican tribe.
By the 1660s, the white confederation which was made up of the dutch, english, french, portuguese, spanish, and the swedes had brought florida, new york, pennsylvania, ohio, southern michigan, southern ontario, and parts of connecticut, delaware, maryland, massachusetts, quebec, and rhode island under their control. During the 1660s, a peace treaty was signed between the indians and the whites which ended the long war which first erupted around 1605. However, the Anishinabek and their allies, including the mahican, regrouped then launched massive military campaigns against the whites who had brought new york, ohio, southern michigan, southern ontario, and pennsylvania under their control. Using just their primitive weapons, the indians drove the whites out of new york, ohio, parts of quebec, pennsylvania, southern michigan, and southern ontario back to the atlantic coastline, where there were forced to build fortified settlements.
Though many of the mahican people returned to their original homelands, most probably stayed in the northern wisconsin region, which was where most of the indians who lived in connecticut, massachusetts, new york, ohio, pennsylvania, southern michigan, and southern ontario lived when the wars were fought throughout the 17th century. They fled to northern wisconsin to seek the protection of the Anishinabek and huge lake michigan, which acted as a defensive structure. Many mohican people were killed throughout the 17th century when the wars against the whites were being fought.
By 1700, Anishinabe leaders at what is now the la pointe, wisconsin region, made the decision to commence yet another westward diaspora. The seven fires prophecy influenced them to commence the diaspora. They needed to do something for all the refugee tribes living in northern wisconsin. Those tribes included the mohican of course, many other algonquians, and many iroquois tribes as well. They singled out the dakota people of minnesota and wisconsin to war on. They did first attempt to negotiate with dakota leaders, and even went as far as letting dakota leaders know about the seven fires prophecy, but the dakota refused to accept what the Anishinabek warned them about. Their refusal led to a horrible war between the Anishinabek and their allies, including the mohican, angainst the dakota peoples from wisconsin to manitoba and northwestern ontario.
From north of lake superior, large numbers of Anishinabe warriors launched massive military campaigns against the dakota of northwestern ontario and manitoba. By 1730, they had forcefully subjugated the dakota of northwestern ontario and manitoba, bringing a halt to the weapons the whites were supplying the dakota people with. Meanwhile, in the northern wisconsin region, the Anishinabek and their allies, including the mahican, commenced to war on the dakota of minnesota and wisconsin. However, unlike their conquest of the dakotas of northwestern ontario and manitoba, the Anishinabek and their allies were not capable of entirely subjugating the dakotas of minnesota and wisconsin. The dakotas of minnesota and wisconsin were capable of receiving large supplies of european guns and ammunition from the english and french, who used the mississippi river to send their weapons to the dakotas of minnesota and wisconsin. The Anishinabek did attempt to to halt the english and french from using the mississippi to send their weapons to the dakotas, throughout the 17th and 18th centuries.
They did, however, force the dakotas out of northern and central minnesota, and wisconsin to. But the dakotas continued to war on the Anishinabek and their allies, including the mahican, using the guns they got from their white allies. After bringing central and northern minnesota under their control by the 1750s, the Anishinabek and their allies, which included the dakotas they had subjugated in northwestern ontario and manitoba, who are the assiniboine, arickara, crow, hidatsa, and the mandan dakotas, commenced to force their way onto the plains of southern canada and the northern united states. Among those tribes who migrated to the plains was the mohican. They all ended up in montana, nebraska, north dakota, south dakota, and wyoming. Mohican tribal history during the 19th century, saw them fighting alongside their indian allies against the whites on the great plains.
Anyway, that is how mohican indian history probably starts. Today, very few mahican live in their original homeland, which was new england. Many of the indians from montana, the dakotas, wyoming and other western areas, are mohican, but they have been forced to lose their tribal identity.