Rocky Boy Tribe
Chippewa Indians of
Paul First Nation
This Chippewa Reserve is located about 40 miles or 64 kilometers west of Edmonton, Alberta. On August 21, 1877, Chippewa leaders signed Treaty 7 (not Treaty 6) which set aside the huge Montana Reserve which is connected to the Little Shell Chippewa's Blackfeet Reservation. Chief Alexis, who also went by the name Bobtail and Keskayo (he is the same Bobtail mentioned below), signed the treaty. Wabamun Lake is the location of this First Nation Reserve. However, another of their communities (Reserves) is located about 5 miles south of Buck Lake which is around 20 or so miles east of the O'Chiese-Sunchild communities. Wabamun Lake is 45 miles to the north. It's evidence the Paul are in fact Ojibwa. Total population of the Paul community is 1,233. That does not include those Paul citizens who live in white communities. Nor does it include the Paul citizens from the community south of Buck Lake. Their community was decimated nearly 100 years ago. Their history is very difficult to learn. The Paul First Nation was led by chief Bobtail when the Treaty 7 signing happened. Chief Ironhead was the leader until 1886 when he died. Chief Paul became the main leader of the Paul in 1887. The problem started after ogima Paul became the main leader. After ogima Paul became the main leader, the First Nation became known as the Paul First Nation. It's evidence of some sort of cover-up. Ogima Paul may have been related to the Montana Paul Clan. In fact, most of the Paul citizens originally came from Montana. Click here to read about the first Paul's of Montana!
Historical records indicate ogima Paul did not get along with the whites. In 1890, the Sharphead Band surrendered their Reserve in the Pigeon Lake, Alberta region, and moved up to live with the Paul. Historians claim the Sharphead Band was Nakota or Lakota. The Sharphead Band was made up of the Chipos Ostikwan's Nakoda (Anishinabe speakers can clearly understand that), Wolf Creek Stoney, and Piegon Lake Stoney. Pigeon Lake is about 22 miles east of Buck Lake which is 20 or so miles east of the O'Chiese-Sunchild, and a few miles west of the four First Nations which make up the Montana Reserve. Pigeon Lake was set aside for the Montana First Nation. Canada forced them to relocate to the Paul Reserve and other nearby Reserves, after stealing their land. The Montana or Bobtail Reserve near Pigeon Lake, was surrendered in 1909 and the Montana Reserve (they came from Montana which is proof the Paul First Nation has links to Montana) was granted the 31.5 sq. mi. Reserve. It's 10.0 sq. mi. however. The Reserve was reduced in size. Bobtail Reserve covered much more land around Pigeon Lake than what remains now which is 1,921 hectares or 4,746 acres. That is a little over 7.0 sq. mi. It may not make sense but a cover-up is in place.
Ogima Paul was not well respected by Canadian leaders for some reason. Probably a land dispute between ogima Paul and Canada, led to Canada forcing ogima Paul out of power in 1901. In 1901, the theft of the Montana Reserve including from Paul, commenced. The Paul First Nation was without a leader until 1906 when Canada placed David Bird in power. They then negotiated with David Bird about ceding much of their Reserve which obviously was much larger then. Canada used David Bird to steal most of the real Paul First Nation Reserve which is really a part of the Montana Reserve. Historians claim only a few acres was ceded but we know better. The Reserve land cessions happened in September of 1906. Ogima Paul was obviously very upset about being forced out of power. He may have led many Anishinabe people west to where the O'Chiese-Sunchild Reserve is, and where the Foothills Ojibway Society is located, and where the Asiniwuche Winewak are located. He may have even sent scores of Anishinabe people into northeastern British Columbia, where the Saulteau First Nation is. Ogima Paul may have originally lived in Montana. Montana has a strong Paul Clan presence.
The Montana Reserve
Along with the Ermineskin, Louis Bull, Montana, and Samson, the Paul Chippewa's have links to Montana. Looking at maps of Alberta from the late 19th century and early 20th century, the Montana Reserve which the Ermineskin, Louis Bull, Montana, Paul, and Samson are a part of, does not show up until 1901. Even later for Paul. A land loss supposedly happened in 1901. In 1909, the Montana Reserve begins to show up regularly on maps of Alberta. The Montana Reserve has strong links to the Little Shell Chippewa's of Montana.
The history of the Montana Reserve which includes Ermineskin, Louis Bull, Montana, Paul, and Samson goes back to the 1896 deportation of the Chippewa's from around Great Falls, Montana and also from around the Fort Assiniboine Indian Reservation which later on had it's name changed to Rocky Boy Reservation. Click here to read about the deportations. After the Chippewa's (they were from the Little Shell Chippewa's of Montana) learned they were going to be forced to leave the Great Falls, Montana region where most Little Shell Chippewa's live now, chief Buffalo Coat reacted by negotiating with white leaders. Supposedly chief Little Bear was to lead these Chippewa's but chief Buffalo Coat did. Keep that in mind when reading the newspaper article. A Chippewa leader (chief Little Bear) was chief Buffalo Coats leading adviser. Chief Little Bear had extremely good reasons to oppose the deportation. Also keep it in mind that the Cree are really Chippewa. Before 1896, the Bobtail Chippewa's originally were set aside a large Reserve where the Montana Reserve is now located. It included land to Buffalo Lake which is to the south. They were probably renegades from the 1885 Northwest Rebellion. Many joined other Chippewa's native to Alberta where the O'Chiese Chippewa's now live and those who honored the first treaties including the Foothills Ojibway Society of Alberta and the Nakcowinewak Nation. How did the deportation happen?
Chief Little Shell III and 1895
In May of 1895, several Chippewa leaders barricaded themselves in a fort. This fort was supposedly located in North Dakota. However, it was located in Montana. Chief Little Shell III and chief Red Thunder, were continuing to honor the treaty which set aside the vast Little Shell Chippewa's Blackfeet Reservation. Around 1892, they sent a letter to the government of the United States notifying them they would no longer negotiate about ceding the vast Little Shell Chippewa Indians Blackfeet Reservation. What followed by the United States was fraudulent. After barricading themselves in that fort, a force of white police officers were sent to the fort in early May of 1895. They refused to negotiate. The Chippewa leaders eventually surrendered. Shortly after, chief Little Shell III showed up with 150 Chippewa soldiers. However, after learning 87 year old chief Red Thunder and the other Chippewa leaders had surrendered, chief Little Shell III bravely surrendered. All were forced to leave Montana for the fabricated Turtle Mountain Reservation located in Rolette County, North Dakota. About a year later the forced relocations commenced. At Fort Assiniboine Indian Reservation a war nearly erupted. The United States agreed to leave most of the Little Shell Chippewa's of Fort Assiniboine Indian Reservation alone. Most of the Little Shell Chippewa's who were relocated to Alberta, were from the Great Falls, Montana region.
The 1909 Forced Relocations and Land Loss
In 1908 and 1909, the Little Shell Chippewa's of north central Montana, southwestern Montana, and western Montana were feeling unrest about the illegal land acts which stole their vast Reservation. After the Swan Valley Massacre of 1908, chief Rocky Boy negotiated with white leaders about having new Chippewa Reservations set aside in Montana and Alberta. Actually it was to find new homes for the terrified Chippewa's. Most were forced to relocate to the Montana Reserve in Alberta. The Montana Reserve was originally much larger. It extended south to Buffalo Lake, west past Buck Lake to British Columbia, and north to Wabamun Lake where the Paul Reserve is located. Pigeon Lake is within the original Reserve. Like the Montana Reserve, the Paul Reserve does not show up on Alberta maps until after 1901. The Montana Reserve covered far more than 31.5 sq. mi. Later on, some of the Chippewa's or Ojibwa's who honored the treaty which set aside the original Montana Reserve, agreed to the theft of much of their Reserve. They are the O'Chise-Sunchild. Below is a map of the original Rocky Boy Reservation. It was greatly reduced in size after chief Rocky Boy died in 1916. It was probably set aside in the 1880s.
The Little Shell Chippewa Indians Blackfeet Reservation
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Below are links to a map of the Paul First Nation Reserve. It is the second one which you will not understand. The Buck Lake Reserve is located a few miles south of Buck Lake. You'll notice no Reserve however. It could be because the O'Chiese-Sunchild Reserve is the Buck Lake Reserve. Enlarge the map and you'll see the O'Chiese-Sunchild Reserve a few miles west of Buck Lake. You'll also notice the Montana Reserve to the east including Pigeon Lake.