Rocky Boy Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Montana
Ojibway Indians of Nunavut
What is now Nunavut, was home to 10,000s of Chippewa Indians who are known as the Chipewyan of the location between Nunavut and the Northwest Territories, with other Chipewyan Peoples living in Yukon and eastern Alaska known as the Gwich'in. The Gwich'in brought many Eskimos under their subjugation. They are thus an admixture of Algonquian and Eskimo. Nunavut was a land with an abundance of wildlife, especially caribou, which the Ojibwa People largely subsisted on. It allowed the Ojibwa population to remain large. Other foods the Chippewa People lived on were deer, fish, and fowl. Nunavut had and continues to have, an enormous amount of lakes. Both large and small. It was the large lakes the Chippewa's would establish their villages near during the short cool summers. They (the lakes) provided them with fish while they sent out hunters to hunt for caribou. During the short cool summers, caribou harvested were prepared for later use. Among the lakes which were especially attractive to the Chippewa's were Kasba Lake, Nueltin Lake, Ennadai Lake, Tatinnai Lake, South Henik Lake and North Henik Lake, Hicks Lake, Angikuni Lake, Yathkyed Lake, Tulemalu Lake, Kamilukuac Lake, Nowleye Lake, Dubawni Lake, Baker Lake, Aberdeen Lake, Tebesjuak Lake, Mallery Lake, Princess Mary Lake, Wharton Lake, Schultz Lake, Tehek Lake, Garry Lake, MacAlpine Lake, Contwoyto Lake, and Takijuq Lake. In what is now Nunavut, these lakes were locations where the Chippewa's established summer villages. Scattered forests were located in southern Nunavut which provided fuel year round.
Beaufort Sea was to the north and was frequented by the Chippewa's while caribou hunting. Most Chippewa's, however, lived south of Beaufort Sea. Chippewa soldiers did patrol the Beaufort Sea as that was one of their duties. After the whites discovered the America's, one of their main goals was finding the Northwest Passage. They knew the Huns, Mongols, Sami, and Vikings had come from North America. From both the Atlantic Ocean and Siberia. They knew the Chippewa's were still in contact with the Chippewa's of Siberia. White Russians had reached what is now the Bering Sea by the late 16th century. They (the white Russians) and other white nations, conspired to form alliances with Asians in southeast Asia. After forming the alliances, they brought their Asian allies to Alaska then to the region where the mouth of the McKenzie River is. This was done in the early or mid 17th century. The whites armed their Asian allies, who we know today as the Eskimo, with guns and ammunition. Eskimo soldiers forced their way in along the shores of the Bering Sea in western Alaska then along the shores of the Beaufort Sea in northern Alaska. By the late 17th century, the Eskimo had established their camps near the mouth of the Mckenzie River.
As mentioned, Chippewa soldiers did patrol the Beaufort Sea and knew about the invading Eskimos and their white allies. From either the Great Lakes region or Montana region, Ojibwa leaders sent large numbers of their soldiers north to combat the threat. Though Chippewa soldiers did not have guns, they could dominate their foes using only bows and arrows. Chippewa soldiers may not have driven off the Eskimo invaders but they prevented them from expanding inland. Hudson Bay became attractive to the white invaders in the late 17th century and forts were established at a few locations along the western shores of Hudson Bay. After the forts were built, the whites brought more Eskimo to the forts along the western shores of Hudson Bay to fight the Chippewa's. By the mid 18th century, nearly all contact between the Chippewa's of North America and Chippewa's of Siberia, had ended. Eskimo soldiers, who were armed with guns, made it difficult for the Chippewa's to freely move from Alaska to Siberia. By 1800, the Eskimo were established from western Alaska, along the northern parts of Alaska, the extreme northern part of the Northwest Territories including what is now Nunavut, and the northwestern shores of Hudson Bay. After the white invaders commenced to expand their forts inland from Hudson Bay in 1774, the Eskimo were brought to those forts to help defend them.
Thoughout the 19th century, Chippewa soldiers prevented the white invaders and their Eskimo allies, from expanding in mass, between Alaska and James Bay. They (the Chippewa's) did agree through treaty agreements, to allow small white trading posts to be built throughout that region. However, they knew better than to actually visit the white trading posts often. They used extreme caution when visiting the trading posts, especially after learning about what happened to Chippewa's who had visited a white trading post and within a short time their population was decimated by cowardly acts.
By the mid 19th century, the whites had invented the revolver and repeating rifle. They supplied them to the Eskimo. By the late 19th century, the Eskimo had expanded at least 200 miles inland from the Bering Sea, Beaufort Sea, and northwestern shores of Hudson Bay, especially around Baker Lake. Chippewa soldiers retreated south of Baker Lake and formed a defensive strategy which allowed the Chippewa People to continue to live in Nunavut. White leaders knew about it and could not do a great deal to reach the prophecy weary Chippewa's. One cowardly act of the whites was to kill off the caribou the Chippewa's subsisted on. It reduced the Chippewa population but the Chippewa's continued to fish and hunt for other animals. At the begininng of the 20th century, several thousand Chippewa's continued to live in Nunavut, especially south of a line between Takijuq Lake and Baker Lake. Most lived south of Aberdeen Lake and Baker Lake.
In the 1940s, Canada forced their way inland and forced the Chippewa's who lived in the interior of Nunavut, to relocate to settlements along the northwestern shores of Hudson Bay and to Chippewa settlements in Alberta, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba. They also forced many of the Eskimos to do likewise. They cleared the interior of Nunavut and the Northwest Territories, and nearly all of extreme northern Saskatchewan and Manitoba. At the end of the 19th century, there were 10,000s of Chippewa's living in the extreme northern parts of Alberta, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba. They refused to change their way of life. They had plenty of food, fire wood, and other neccessities. After the cowardly act of killing off the wild game the Chippewa's subsisted on, the Chippewa population had declined dramatically by the early 20th century. They really had no choice but to relocate elsewhere. The whites were not brave enough to allow the Chippewa's to remain free. Below is a list of Chippewa communities in Nunavut. They share those communities with the Eskimo idiots who got knifed in the back by the whites. Those settlements are confined from Baker Lake east to Chesterfield Inlet. Some communities on islands are included. Chippewa's were prone to find refuge on islands as a result of prophecy. The communities are located at 64° latitude and south.
Arviat: 2011 population 2,318
Baker Lake: 2011 population 1,872
Cape Dorset: 2011 population 1,363 (it's on Dorset Island)
Chesterfield Inlet: 2006 population 332
Coral Harbour: 2011 population 834 (it' located on Southampton Island)
Iqaluit: 2011 population 6,699 (it's located on Baffin Island)
Kimmirut: 2011 population 455 (it's located on Baffin Island)
Rankin Inlet: 2011 population 2,577
Sanikiluaq: 2011 population 812 (it's located on Flaherty Island)
Whale Cove: 2006 population 353