Sapotaweyak First Nation


To learn about Sapotaweyak First Nation which is an Ojibway Kasba Reservation community, we have to investigate Saulteaux Ojibway's from old Swan River Reserve. Below are google earth photos of Sapotaweyak First Nation land. They are from Swan River Ojibway's who had been set aside a Reserve near Swan River, Manitoba. They were supposedly forced to relocate to where Cote, Keeseekoose and The Key are located in Saskatchewan, as a result of floods. However, it was really greed for farm land. Not all Saulteaux Ojibway's left. Those that stayed near where Swan River, Manitoba is, were set aside Sapotaweyak First Nation and Wuskwi Sipihk. They lived mainly around Dawson Bay and further south. On-Reserve population of Sapotaweyak First Nation is 810 according to 2016's census. They have 227 dwellings with 217 lived in. Average household size is 3.8 persons per household. Around 225 speak Corrupted Ojibway Language which is what Lewis and Clark called Cree Language, at Sapotaweyak First Nation. This community is an Ojibway community. Read Treaty 5 text. We also know that Northern Ojibway Territory extended to Nelson River and much further north. According 1832's Edinburgh Encyclopedia, Ojibway People gave rise to Cree People, Chipewyan People, Copper People and Dogrib People. Staff at HBC trade posts named Northern Ojibway People "Nakawawuck or Nekawawuck and Lake Indians." Andrew Graham wrote in 1771, that Ojibway's forced their way to York Fort (aka York Factory) in 1762 or during Pontiac's War. They were there to prevent white expansion inland. They did trade now and then according to Andrew Graham who also wrote that Northern Ojibway People commanded all lakes (thus why they were named Lake Indians) from York Fort Rivers (Nelson River and Hayes River), leaving Lowland Cree (they were really Eskimos) very little room between them and Hudson Bay. Staff at HBC trade posts named Cree People "Beaver Indians and Keskatchewan Indians." As more Ojibway Soldiers were sent north, Keskatchewan People or Beaver People who are Ojibway also, retreated west and southwest. Northern Keskatchewan People were named Beaver Indians. Below are 18th century maps that can help you. Frenchmans Lake and Little Sea are Lake Winnipeg. On their left, are latitude numbers which are from 48° to 58° north latitude. Notice how Lake Winnipeg and Lake Manitoba are situated? Almost horizontal instead or vertical. It looks like whoever drew that map, was looking northwest. Churchill looks like Northern Ojibway Territory's north boundary which was possibly Churchill River. However, Churchill is at 58° north latitude. York Fort (aka York Factory) is at 57° north latitude. During their war against whites and their Eskimo allies who were stationed at white forts around Hudson Bay and James Bay, Ojibway Soldiers captured many Eskimos and absorbed them into their population. Sapotaweyak First Nation has an Eskimo mixture within their population. Closer to Hudson Bay and James Bay, more Eskimo blood is within Ojibway communities.









Satellite Image of Pelican Rapids and Shoal River Towns

Satellite Image of Steep Rock Point Town

From Road

From Road

From Road

From Road

From Road

From Road

Free Book


The Algonquian Conquest of the Mediterranean Region of 11,500 Years Ago




Contact


Copyright 2009-2020 Anishinabe-History.Com