Ojibway Indians of Ontario


Below is a list of the Anishinabe Indians of Ontario. It includes the northern Ojibwa People known as the Cree and Oji-Cree. According to 19th century Ojibwa historians, the Cree spoke a dialect of the Ojibway Language. In 1852, Peter Jacobs wrote an account of his travels to northern Manitoba or Norway House. Jacobs was Ojibwa and spoke the Ojibwa Language. He wrote the following: He performed the whole of the service (preaching) well, and read his sermon well; but i am not a competent judge of this mixed language of Ojibway - Cree and Swampy (Cree) or Oji-Cree. The Cree and Swampy are nearer kin to each other than either to the noble and majestic Ojibway; and that is the language i profess to understand.



The Oji-Cree

Learning about the origins of the Oji-Cree and the Oji-Cree Language, is not at all difficult. Around 1930, a report was written about the Ojibwa's from Island Lake, Manitoba. These Ojibwa's are also known as Saulteaux. They can claim their language is Oji-Cree yet there is evidence that indicates another theory that is very disturbing. White Christian missionaries forced their converts to speak Cree at Island Lake. Written below is excerpt from 1930, about Island Lake Ojibwa's from northeastern Manitoba. Big Trout Lake is 200 miles east of Island Lake, Manitoba. Big Trout Lake along with Sachigo Lake and Wapekeka, are the northern most of the so called Oji-Cree.



Linguistically, the Island Lake natives may be characterized by calling them Saulteaux or better perhaps, Saulteaux-Ojibwa, indicating more clearly by this hyphenated term the close relationship of their language to Ojibwa proper. Locally, they are said to speak a mixed dialect of Saulteaux and Cree. This mixture is reported to be especially typical of the Maria Portage groups, while the natives at Smooth Rock are reputed to speak a purer Saulteaux. It may be pointed out in this connection that Cree is utilized in the United Church services and at the Catholic mission, too, so that in recent years practically all of the lslandlakers have learned to understand Cree and many speak it. The assimilation of Cree would consequently appear to be partly the result of christianization and partly due to contact with the Norway House Cree since the canoe route referred to has been open. The linguistic base at Island Lake may very well be Saulteaux-Ojibwa with an overlay of Cree due to modern conditions. On the other hand, it is not impossible that a much older contact with Cree-speaking peoples has affected the language much more deeply than a superficial inspection would indicate, since the Saulteaux of this region may have been marginal to Cree bands for a considerable period, because to the south and east we find only Saulteaux spoken today.



Long before Jacobs made his trip from Rice Lake in Ontario, to Norway House, the Ojibwa's had battled a people (the Inuit) and defeated them. After the invading whites established forts along the southern shores of Hudson Bay and James Bay, they transported more Eskimos to those locations and war escalated. Those Eskimos who ventured inland from the white forts, were more frequently found by Ojibwa soldiers and defeated. Though the Eskimos had invaded North America some time in the 16th century, they were confined to the coastal areas of the Beaufort Sea and Hudson Bay. In 1717, James Knight estimated that 5,000 to 6,000 Chipewyan People had been killed in battles against the Cree which is ridiculous. He wrote that since the first white trading post had been built at the mouth of Hayes River in 1684, which was York Factory, that the Cree had killed between 5,000 and 6,000 Chipewyan. The Ojibwa war against the invading Eskimos and whites, was not minor. It was deadly. By the late 17th century, the whites invaders were transporting more Eskimos to the Hudson Bay region and to Labrador and Greenland. Eskimos kept themselves close to the white trading posts for protection. In 1774, the invading whites and their Eskimo allies, got their courage up and invaded the interior of northern Manitoba using Nelson River. They actually forced their way as far west as Cumberland House in Saskatchewan and established a trading post at that location. Soon after, the war dramatically intensified. Ojibwa soldiers easily dominated the Eskimos and whites in that location. From Alaska, to the shores of Hudson Bay, a great many Eskimos had been defeated and subjugated by the Ojibwa military. Most used Nelson River to invade Manitoba and Saskatchewan. Many also forced their way to southern Manitoba and northern North Dakota and northern Minnesota. Ojibwa Soldiers defeated them yet allowed the invading whites and their Eskimo allies, to stay in that region. They set aside Red River Colony for them.



As was their custom then, the Ojibwa's mixed their language and culture with the people they defeated and subjugated. According to the 1832 Edinburgh Encyclopedia, the Cree, Chipewyan, Copper and Dogrib are derived from the Lenni Lenape. The Lenni Lenape or Delaware, are really Ojibwa. They spoke a dialect of the Ojibwa Language. They were among the first Ojibwa's to reach the east coast, from some location along the Missouri River, between St. Louis and Montana. The Ojibwa's (the 1832 book named them Lenni Lenape) from the Great Lakes region, sent large numbers of their soldiers and their families, to the north and northwest. They named these Great Lakes Ojibwa's who were sent to the Hudson Bay region and northwest to what is now Nunavut and the Northwest Territories, the Chipewyan. Then (1832) they knew the Chipewyan were very aware of their origins. They knew they came from some southeasterly location. The Cree, Copper, Dogrib and all Athabascan Tribes are actually Chipewyan. Some time in either the 16th century or 17th century, the Saulteaux Ojibwa's from the Great Lakes region, commenced their trek to the north and northwest, to support the Ojibwa's native to those regions, fight the whites and their Eskimo allies. They early on subjugated many of the Inuit and mixed their language and culture with theirs. Same happened to the whites. That language is named Michif.



Nearly all the tribes in the Northwest Territories are Chipewyan. That's according to the 1832 Edinburg Encyclopedia. Much further to the south and southeast, are the Cree who are more Ojibwa. Of course, I'm referring to their language. Among the Chipewyan, their language is far more mixed. However, the Chipewyan are in fact Ojibwa's who absorbed many non Ojibwa's among them. They (the Chipewyan and all other Athabascans) only need to read the 1832 Edinburgh Encyclopedia, to learn the truth. From Peter Jacobs 1852 accounts, it's reasonable to class all Cree as being Oji-Cree. Jacobs considered their language to be inferior to the Ojibwa Language. Click the following link to read the 1832 Edinburgh Encyclopedia. I've also included an excerpt from Edinburgh Encyclopedia about the tradition of the Lenape in which they knew about that eastern migration 19th century Ojibway authors wrote about:



The general tradition of the Lenape is, that their family (clan, nation, totem) originally came from the westward, taking possession of the whole country from the Missouri to the sea, and destroying the original inhabitants, whom they name Alligewi. In this migration and contest, which continued for many years, they say that the Iroquois moved in a parellel line with them, but in a more northerly course and finally settled on the St. Lawrence. The Lenape, being the more numerous family, soon sent detachments northward, as far as the shores of Hudson's Bay, and gave rise to the chief northern tribes now along the arctic circle. This account gives color to the tradition of the Chipewyans, who are a numerous tribe of Lenape, that their immediate ancestors were from the eastward, contrary to the general tide of migration above detailed.



First of all, there were two groups of Ojibwa's who commenced that eastern migration. To the south, the Lenape or Delaware, forced their way northeast from a location in the region between Nebraska and Texas. Up north, the other Ojibwa's forced their way straight east from possibly the Montana region. They forced their way into what is now Quebec and New York State. Early European explorers wrote about their expedition to the St. Lawrence River in the early 16th century and wrote that the Indians who lived there were not Algonquin. When the Europeans returned some 6 to 7 decades later, they wrote that the Algonquin's were now living along the St. Lawrence River in Quebec and New York State. Those Algonquin's are in fact Iroquois or the Iroquois are Ojibwa. According to Edinburgh Encyclopedia, the Lenape were more numerous than the Iroquois. However, there is something missing. Remember, Edinburgh Encyclopedia wrote that the Lenape were located south of the Iroquois. We can't exclude that information. It was from either the Iroquois or both the Iroquois and Lenape, that soldiers were sent to Hudson Bay in the 17th century, to fight the invading Eskimos and whites. Lenape soldiers forced their way as far south as Florida to fight the white invaders. Both the Iroquois and Lenape Ojibwa's followed Seven Fires Prophecy. They knew about the whites and their evil intentions. Later, in the 19th century, white historians gave other names to these two groups of Ojibwa's. Northern Arapaho and Southern Arapaho and Northern Cheyenne and Southern Cheyenne. In New York, the Ojibwa's there are better known as Assinica or Seneca. Assinica is an Ojibwa word meaning Stony Place. They are also known as Assiniboine or Assinibwan. To Ojibwa Traditionalists who believe the history white historians have written for them, this is not good information. Why? It means the Dakota or Sioux, are in fact Ojibwa. Where'd they get the name Dakota from? The Ojibwa word for alliance and association which is "Wi-do-ko-da-wi-win."





Ojibway Reserves and First Nations of Ontario

Below are the Ojibway communities located in Ontario. Many of the First Nations are found under the Manitoulin Island Reservation, Michipicoten Reservation and the Treaty 9 Ojibwa Reservation. Most of the latest populations are from 2016. Populations are for on-Reserve only or it does not include off-Reserve populations. I've included band names for most of the communities. Usually taken from a waterway that community is in close proximity to.



The Alderville Ojibways (Lake Simcoe Band of Ojibways):
This band of Ojibways, inhabit the Sugar Island and the Alderville Reserves in Ontario, Canada. The size of these Ojibway Reserves is approximately 1,216.1 hectares. It's located along the east shores of Rice Lake.
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 312 (2016 census)

The Aroland Ojibways (Lake Nipigon Band of Ojibwa's):
This band of Ojibways, have no Reserve in Ontario, Canada. It's a settlement known as Aroland Indian Settlement. The size of this Ojibway Reserve is approximately 0 hectares. They do, however, have Reserve status.
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 361 (2011 census)

The Beausoleil Ojibways, Ottawa's and Potawatomi:
This band of Ojibways, Ottawa's and Potawatomi inhabit the Christian Island and the Chippewa Island Reserves in Ontario, Canada. The size of these tiny Canadian Ojibway Reserves is approximately 5,435.6 hectares. They are not following prophecy when they should. There is or has been, a movement to recognize each other as distinct. They know about the Seven Fires Prophecy and what will happen if they don't follow prophecy. They must change the name of their Nation and Reserves, especially Christian Island Reserve. By using Christian Island as their identity, they are admitting they are anti-Messiah.
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 637 (2016 census)

The Big Grassy Ojibways (Rainy River Band of Saulteaux Ojibwa's):
This band of Ojibways, inhabit the Big Grassy River, Lake of the Woods, Naongashing and the Obabikong Reserves in Ontario, Canada. The size of these Ojibway Reserves is approximately 6,254.1 hectares.
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 251 (2016 census)

The Caldwell Ojibways, Ottawa's and Potawatomi:
After the Ojibwa's lost the War of 1812, they dealt with both Canada and the United States demanding their land. They didn't side with any white nation during the War of 1812. They knew better. After the War of 1812, land cessions followed. Ojibwa's were set aside land in extreme southern Ontario where Point Pelee is located. In the 1920s, Canada refused to honor treaty. They sent in their police and destroyed many of the homes of the Ojibwa's at Pelee Point. Many of the Ojibwa's from the Chippewas Point Pelee Reserve moved to Walpole Island Reserve. They yet live there and continue to claim Point Pelee as their land. These Ojibwa People are Swan Creek and Black River Chippewa's.
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 2 (2016 census)

The Couchiching Ojibways (Rainy River Band of Saulteaux Ojibwa's):
This band of Ojibways, inhabit the Couchiching and Agency Reserves in Ontario, Canada. The size of these Ojibway Reserves is approximately 6,422.5 hectares. It's located almost adjacent to Fort Francis, Ontario.
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 700 (2016 census)

The Curve Lake Ojibways (Lake Simcoe Band of Ojibways):
This band of Ojibways, inhabit the Curve Lake and Islands in Trent Waters Reserves in Ontario, Canada. The size of these small Ojibway Reserves is approximately 875.7 hectares.
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 785 (2016 census)

The Dalles Ojibways (aka Ochiichagwe'babigo'ining FN - Rainy River Band of Saulteaux Ojibwa's):
This band of Ojibways, inhabit the Dalles Reserve in Ontario, Canada. The size of this Ojibway Reserve is approximately 3,257 hectares.
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 158 (2016 census)

The Dokis Ojibways (Lake Nipissing Band of Ojibways):
This band of Ojibways, inhabit the Dokis Reserve, in Ontario, Canada. The size of this Ojibway Reserve is approximately 12,262.2 hectares.
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 174 (2016 census)

The Eagle Lake Ojibways:
This band of Ojibways, inhabit the Eagle Lake Reserve in Ontario, Canada. The size of this Ojibway Reserve is approximately 3,592 hectares.
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 359 (2016 census)

The Fort Williams Ojibways (Lake Nipigon Band of Ojibways):
This band of Ojibways, inhabit the Fort William Reserve in Ontario, Canada. The size of this Ojibway Reserve is approximately 5,815.1 hectares.
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 973 (2016 census)

The Georgina Island Ojibways (Lake Simcoe Band of Ojibways):
This band of Ojibways, inhabit the Chippewa Island and Georgina Island Reserves in Ontario, Canada. The size of these small Ojibway Reserves is approximately 1,353 hectares.
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 205 (2016 census)

The Ginoogaming Ojibways (Lake Nipigon Band of Ojibways):
This band of Ojibways, inhabit the Long Lake Reserve in Ontario, Canada. The size of this Ojibway Reserve is approximately 6,978 hectares.
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 197 (2016 census)

The Golden Lake Ojibways (aka Pikwakanagan FN - Algonquin Band of Ojibways):
This band of Ojibways of Algonkin origin, inhabit the Golden Lake Reserve in Ontario, Canada. The size of this small Ojibway Reserve is approximately 688.8 hectares.
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 461 (2016 census)

The Grassy Narrows Ojibways (aka English River 21 Reserve - Rainy River Band of Saulteaux Ojibwa's):
This band of Ojibways, inhabit the English River Reserve in Ontario, Canada. The size of this Ojibway Reserve is approximately 4,145 hectares.
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 962 (2016 census)

The Gull Bay Ojibways (aka Gull River FN - Lake Nipigon Band of Ojibways):
This band of Ojibways, inhabit the Gull River Reserve in Ontario, Canada. The size of this Ojibway Reserve is approximately 3,940 hectares.
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 364 (2016 census)

The Henvey Inlet Ojibways (Lake Nipissing Band of Ojibways):
This band of Ojibways, inhabit the Reserves of French River and also Henvey Inlet, in Ontario, Canada. The size of these Ojibway Reserves is approximately 12,157.8 hectares.
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 189 (2016 census)

The Hiawatha Ojibways (Lake Simcoe Band of Ojibways):
This band of Ojibways, inhabit the Trent Waters Island and the Hiawatha Reserves in Ontario, Canada. The size of these small Ojibway Reserves is approximately 790.4 hectares. It's located along the west shores of Rice Lake.
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 201 (2016 census)

The Kettle And Stony Point Ojibways, Ottawa's and Potawatomi:
This band of Ojibways, inhabit the Kettle Point Reserve in Ontario, Canada. The size of this small Ojibway Reserve is approximately 848.8 hectares. They are from the Swan Creek and Black River Chippewa's.
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 1,331 (2016 census)

The Lac Des Mille Ojibways (Lake Nipigon Band of Ojibways):
This band of Ojibways, inhabit the Lac Des Mille Lacs 22A1 & 22A2 Reserves in Ontario, Canada. The size of these Ojibway Reserves is approximately 4,948 hectares.
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 7 (2016 census)

The Lac La Croix Ojibways (aka Neguaguon Lake 25 - Rainy River Band of Saulteaux Ojibwa's):
This band of Ojibways, inhabit the Neguaguon Lake 25D Reserve in Ontario, Canada. The size of this Ojibway Reserve is approximately 6,214.1 hectares.
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 314 (2016 census)

The Lake Nipigon Ojibways (aka Animbiigoo Zaagi'igan FN - Lake Nipigon Band of Ojibways):
This band of Ojibways, inhabit the Mcdiarmid Indian Settlement in Ontario, Canada. The size of this Ojibway Reserve is approximately 0 hectares.
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 3 (2016 census)

The Magnetawan Ojibways (Lake Nipissing Band of Ojibways):
This band of Ojibways, inhabit the Magnetawan Reserve, in Ontario, Canada. The size of this Ojibway Reserve is approximately 4,714.7 hectares.
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 75 (2016 census)



Manitoulin Island Ojibway Reservation:

They never ceded their Manitoulin Island Reserve. Their leaders were bribed or Canada refused to accept the Ojibwa refusal to cede Manitoulin Island Reserve. Manitoulin Island Reserve was set aside for the Ojibways, Ottawa's and Potawatomi. Whitefish River is adjacent to Manitoulin Island and must be considered a part of the Manitoulin Island Reserve.

The Wikwemikong Ojibways, Ottawa's and Potawatomi:
The Population is 3,170 (2016 census)

The Cockburn Island Ojibways, Ottawa's and Potawatomi (aka Zhiibaahaasing FN):
The Population is 65 (2016 census)

The Sucker Creek Ojibways, Ottawa's and Potawatomi (aka Aundeck Omni Kaning FN):
The Population is 373 (2016 census)

The West Bay Ojibways, Ottawa's and Potawatomi (aka M'Chigeeng FN):
The Population is 939 (2016 census)

The Whitefish River Ojibways, Ottawa's and Potawatomi:
The Population is 400 (2016 census)

The population of Manitoulin Island Reserve is 4,947

The Language is Ojibway



The Matachewan Ojibways (Algonquin Band of Ojibways):
This band of Ojibways also includes many people of Cree origin, and both people inhabit the Matachewan Reserve, in Ontario, Canada. The size of this Ojibway and Cree Reserve is approximately 4,158.6 hectares.
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 42 (2016 census)



Michipicoten Ojibway Reservation:

They inhabit a large Ojibway Reserve located along Lake Superiors east coast, extending from Pic River on the north to Sault Ste. Marie on the south. On the east, it extends to Flying Post down to Mattagami then Sagamok then back to Rankin Location 15D then Lake Superior.

Batchewana including Rankin Location 15D; Goulais Bay 15A, Obadjiwan 15A & Whitefish Island - 775 (2016 census)
Chapleau 61 included with Michipicoten
Chapleau 61A included with Chapleau 74A
Chapleau 74 included with Chapleau 74A
Chapleau 74A - 30 (2016 census)
Chapleau 75 - 59 (2016 census)
Chapleau Cree Fox Lake included with Chapleau 75
Duck Lake 76B (aka Brunswick House FN) - 207 (2016 census)
Flying Post 73 (aka Flying Post FN) - 1 (2016 census)
Garden River (aka Garden River FN 14) - 1,237 (2016 census)
Gros Cap 49 included with Michipicoten
Gros Cap Indian Village 49A included with Michipicoten
Mattagami 71 (aka Mattagami FN) - 168 (2016 census)
Michipicoten 62 - 67 (2016 census)
Missanabie 62 included with Michipicoten
Mississagi (aka Mississagi River 8 FN) - 392 (2016 census)
Mountbatten 76A included with Duck Lake 76B (aka Brunswick House FN)
Pic Mobert North & Pic Mobert South (aka Pic Mobert FN) - 354 (2016 census)
Pic River (aka Pic Mobert FN) - 534 (2016 census)
Sagamok (aka Sagamok FN) - 1,575 (2016 census)
Serpent River (aka Serpent River 7 FN) - 358 (2016 census)
Thessalon (aka Thessalon 12 FN) - 108 (2016 census)

The Population of Michipicoten Reserve is 4,545

The Language is Ojibway




The Mississauga Scugog Ojibways (Lake Simcoe Band of Ojibways):
This band of Ojibways, inhabit the Mississauga Scugog Reserve, in Ontario, Canada. Thier Reserve has an area of 321.40 hectares.
The Language is Ojibway
Population is 49 (2016 census)

The Moose Deer Point Ojibways (from Montana Ojibwa's):
This band of Ojibways, inhabit the Moose Point Reserve in Ontario, Canada. The size of this very small Ojibway Reserve is approximately 619 acres. Many Montana Ojibwa's were forced through many Deportations including to Canada. This Montana Ojibwa Reserve was set aside in 1917. A year before, the United States reduced the size of Fort Assiniboine Indian Reservation (aka Rocky Boys Reservation) and forced 100s of Chippewa's off of Reservation rolls. These Montana Chippewa's think they are Potawatomi now.
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 140 (2016 census)

The Moose Factory:
This community of Eskimos, Ojibwa's and whites, inhabit the Factory Island and Moose Factory Reserves in Ontario, Canada. It was the first English speaking community in Ontario. Many Eskimos were brought to that region to fight the Ojibwa's. The size of these Reserves is approximately 17,393 hectares.
The Language is corrupted Ojibway
The Population is 1,800 (2016 census)

The Naicatchewenin Ojibways (aka Northwest Bay FN - Rainy River Band of Ojibwa's):
This band of Ojibways, inhabit the Rainy Lake 17A and 17B Reserves in Ontario, Canada. The size of these Ojibway Reserves is approximately 2,489.3 hectares. This one is extremely corrupt.
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 312 (2016 census)

The Naongashiing Ojibways (Rainy River Band of Saulteaux Ojibwa's):
This band of Ojibways, inhabit the Big Island, Big Island Mainland, Lake of the Woods, Shoal lake, Naongashing and Saugagawsing Reserves in Ontario, Canada. The size of these Ojibway Reserves is approximately 4,330.7 hectares.
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 279

The New Post Cree (Taykwa Tagamou):
This band of fabricated Cree, inhabit the New Post Cree Reserve in Ontario, Canada. The size of this Cree Reserve is approximately 2,188 hectares.
The Language is corrupted Ojibway
The Population is 137 (2016 census)

The Nicickousemenecaning Ojibways (aka Nigigoonsiminikaaning FN & Red Cut FN - Rainy River Band of Ojibwa's):
This band of Ojibways, inhabit the Rainy Lake 26A, 26B and 26C Reserves in Ontario, Canada. The size of these Ojibway Reserves is approximately 4,085.7 hectares. This one is extremely corrupt.
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 161 (2016 census)

The Nipissing Ojibways (Lake Nipissing Band of Ojibways):
This band of Ojibways, inhabit the Nipissing Reserve, in Ontario, Canada. It's adjacent to North Bay. The size of this Ojibway Reserve is approximately 21,007 hectares.
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 960 (2016 census)

The Northwest Angle Ojibways #33 (Rainy River Band of Ojibwa's):
This band of Ojibways, inhabit the Whitefish Bay 33A and Northwest Angle 33B Reserves in Ontario, Canada. The size of these Ojibway Reserves is approximately 2,586 hectares.
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 217 (2016 census)

The Northwest Angle Ojibways #37 (aka Animakee Wa Zhing FN - Rainy River Band of Ojibwa's):
This band of Ojibways, inhabit the Big Island 37, Lake of the Woods 34, 37 and 37B, Northwest Angle 34, 34C, 37B and 37C, Shoal Lake 34B1 and 37A and Whitefish Bay 34A Reserves in Ontario, Canada. This one is extremely corrupt.
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 181 (2016 census)

The Ojibway Nation of Saugeen (Albany River Band of Ojibway):
This band of Ojibways, inhabit the Savant Lake Indian Settlement in Ontario, Canada. They are located 60 miles east of Lac Seul. Savant Lake is connected to Lac Seul by a river and lakes. Lac Seul is the western extreme of Albany River. The size of this Ojibway Reserve is approximately 0 hectares.
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 82 (2016 census)

The Ojibways Of New Credit (aka the Assinica or Seneca Ojibways):
This band of Ojibways, inhabit the New Credit Reserve in Ontario, Canada. However, the Assinica Ojibways Six Nations Reserve is actually the Ojibways New Credit Reserve. Seneca's are really Ojibway. We have to include the Six Nations Reserve. The size of this Ojibway Reserve is approximately 2,392.6 hectares or 5,912 acres for the New Credit Reserve and 18,278.50 hectares or 45,167 acres for the Six Nations Reserve. Both Reserves are connected or the same Reserve. Combined, New Credit Reserve has an area of 51,079 acres or 20,671.1 hectares. These Assinica Ojibways lived in New York yet requested from Ojibway leaders in southern Ontario, to be allowed to relocate to their territory. New Credit is located in the southeast. Population is, New Credit 940 and 7,159 for Six Nations of Grand River.
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 8,099 (2011 census)

The Onigaming Ojibways (aka Sabaskong FN - Rainy River Band of Ojibwa's):
This band of Ojibways, inhabit the Sabaskong Reserve in Ontario, Canada. The size of this Ojibway Reserve is approximately 2,059 hectares.
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 465 (2016 census)

The Pays Plat Ojibways (Lake Nipigon Band of Ojibwa's):
This band of Ojibways, inhabit the Pays Plat Reserve in Ontario, Canada. The size of this very tiny Ojibway Reserve located in the western section of the Ojibways former territory is approximately 225 hectares.
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 72 (2016 census)

The Red Rock Ojibways (aka Lake Helen FN - Lake Nipigon Band of Ojibwa's):
This band of Ojibways, inhabit the Red Rock and Lake Helen Reserves in Ontario, Canada. The size of these very small Ojibway Reserves is approximately 197.4 hectares.
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 285 (2016 census)

The Rocky Bay Ojibways (aka Biinjitiwabik Zaaging - Lake Nipigon Band of Ojibwa's):
This band of Ojibways, inhabit the Rocky Bay Reserve in Ontario, Canada. The size of this very small Ojibway Reserve is approximately 13.4 hectares.
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 337 (2016 census)

The Sand Point Ojibways (aka Bingwi Neyaashi - Lake Nipigon Band of Ojibwa's):
This band of Ojibways, has no Reserve in Ontario, Canada. The size of this Ojibway Reserve is approximately 0 hectares.
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is ? (2016 census)

The Sarnia Ojibways (aka Aam-joo-naang):
This band of Ojibways, inhabit the Sarnia Reserve in Ontario, Canada. The size of this Ojibway Reserve is approximately 1,280.5 hectares. They are from the Swan Creek and Black River Chippewa's.
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 885 (2016 census)

The Saugeen Ojibways:
This band of Ojibways, inhabit the Chiefs Point, Saugeen, Saugeen Hunting Grounds, Saugeen and Cape Crocker Fishing Islands Reserves in Ontario, Canada. The size of these Ojibway Reserves is approximately 5,061.5 hectares.
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 801 (2016 census)

The Seine River Ojibways (Rainy River Band of Ojibwa's):
This band of Ojibways, inhabit the Seine River Reserves in Ontario, Canada. The size of these Ojibway Reserves is approximately 5,152.2 hectares.
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 350 (2016 census)

The Shawanaga Ojibways (Lake Nipissing Band of Ojibways):
This band of Ojibways, inhabit Shaw-a-na-ga Reserve and the Naiscoutaing Reserve, in Ontario, Canada. The size of these Ojibway Reserves is approximately 4,508.8 hectares.
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 180 (2016 census)

The Shoal Lake #40 Ojibways (Rainy River Band of Ojibwa's):
This band of Ojibways, inhabit the Shoal Lake Reserves in Ontario, Canada. The size of these Ojibway Reserves is approximately 2,579 hectares.
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 286 (2016 census)

The Stanjikoming Ojibways (aka Rainy Lake 18C and Mitaanjigamiing - Rainy River Band of Ojibwa's):
This band of Ojibways, inhabit the Rainy Lake and Agency Reserves in Ontario, Canada. The size of these tiny Ojibway Reserves located in the western section of the Ojibways former territory is approximately 1,562.6 hectares.
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 110 (2016 census)

The Temagami Ojibways (aka Bear Island FN - Lake Nipissing Band of Ojibways):
This band of Ojibways, inhabit the Bear Island Reserve, in Ontario, Canada. The size of this small Ojibway Reserve is approximately 293.4 hectares.
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 240 (2016 census)

The Thames Ojibways, Munsee Delaware and Oneida:
This band of Ojibways, Munsee Delaware and Oneida inhabit the Chippewa of the Thames Reserve in Ontario, Canada. Though you may think they are separate Reserves, they are one Reserve. The size of this Ojibway Reserve is approximately 3,652.6 hectares or 9,026 acres. Munsee Delaware has an area of 1,054 hectares or 2,600 acres. Oneida has an area of 2,200 hectares or 5,436 acres. Total is 6,906.6 hectares or 17,062 acres. The Oneida were given permission by the Swan Creek and Black River Chippewa's, to purchase land from them.
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 981 (2016 census)
Munsee Delaware 154 (2016 census)
Oneida 2,167 (2016 census)
Total is 3,302 (2016 census)



The Ojibwa Treaty 9 Reservation

The Albany And Kashechewan Ojibways And Cree (aka Fort Albany FN - Albany River Band of Ojibwa's):
They are a community of the Ojibwa Treaty 9 Reservation. England built Fort Albany in the late 17th century and brought their Eskimo allies to the fort to battle the Ojibwa's. Eskimos make up a large percentage of the population.
The Languages is Ojibway
The Population is 3,102 (2016 census)

The Attawapiskat (Attawapiskat River Band of Ojibwa's):
They are a community of the Ojibwa Treaty 9 Reservation. Many Eskimos were brought to the Attawapiskat region by the English, during the wars fought in the 17th, 18th and 19th centuries. Many Eskimos who lived on Akimiski Island were relocated to Attawapiskat.
The Language is corrupted Ojibway
The Population is 1,934 (2016 census)

The Bearskin Lake Ojibway (Sachigo River Band of Ojibwa's):
They are a community of the Ojibwa Treaty 9 Reservation.
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 475 (2016 census)

The Big Trout Lake Ojibway (Sachigo River through Fawn River, Band of Ojibwa's):
They are a community of the Ojibwa Treaty 9 Reservation.
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 1,129 (2016 census)

The Cat Lake Ojibways (Albany River Band of Ojibwa's):
They are a community of the Ojibwa Treaty 9 Reservation.
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 596 (2016 census)

The Constance Lake Ojibway (Albany River Band of Ojibwa's):
They are a community of the Ojibwa Treaty 9 Reservation.
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 850 (2016 census)

The Deer Lake Ojibway (Sachigo River Band of Ojibwa's):
They are a community of the Ojibwa Treaty 9 Reservation.
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 1,062 (2016 census)

The Eabametoong or ay-ya-ba-met-ong or ong-ay-ya-ba-met (aka Fort Hope FN - Albany River Band of Ojibwa's) Ojibways:
They are a community of the Ojibwa Treaty 9 Reservation.
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 1,507 (2016 census)

The Fort Severn Ojibway (Sachigo River Band of Ojibwa's):
They are a community of the Ojibwa Treaty 9 Reservation.
These Ojibwa's originally lived much further inland at the confluence of the Sachigo and Severn Rivers. They are related to the Ojibwa's from Big Trout Lake. They were forced to relocate to where their current village is, in 1973.
The Language is corrupted Ojibway
The Population is 542 (2016 census)

The Kasabonika Ojibway (Winisk River Band of Ojibwa's):
They are a community of the Ojibwa Treaty 9 Reservation.
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 1,068 (2016 census)

The Keewaywin Ojibway (Sachigo River Band of Ojibwa's):
They are a community of the Ojibwa Treaty 9 Reservation.
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 463 (2016 census)

The Kingfisher Lake Ojibway (Winisk River Band of Ojibwa's):
They are a community of the Ojibwa Treaty 9 Reservation.
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 535 (2016 census)

The Lac Seul Ojibways (Albany River Band of Ojibwa's):
They are a community of the Ojibwa Treaty 9 Reservation.
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 884 (2016 census)

The Mcdowell Lake Ojibway (Sachigo River Band of Ojibwa's):
They are a community of the Ojibwa Treaty 9 Reservation.
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 1 at settlement and 21 on no Band Crown Land (2016 census)

The Marten Falls Ojibways (Albany River Band of Ojibways):
They are a community of the Ojibwa Treaty 9 Reservation.
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 347 (2016 census)

The Muskrat Dam Ojibway (Sachigo River Band of Ojibwa's):
They are a community of the Ojibwa Treaty 9 Reservation.
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 210 (2016 census)

The Neskantaga Ojibway (Attawapiskat Band of Ojibwa's):
They are a community of the Ojibwa Treaty 9 Reservation.
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 337 (2016 census)

The New Slate Falls Ojibway (Albany River Band of Ojibwa's):
They are a community of the Ojibwa Treaty 9 Reservation.
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 30 at village and 170 on no Band Crown Land and 1 on Crown Land (2016 census)

The North Caribou Lake (Sachigo River Band of Ojibwa's):
They are a community of the Ojibwa Treaty 9 Reservation.
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 835 (2016 census)

The North Spirit Lake Ojibway (Sachigo River Band of Ojibwa's):
They are a community of the Ojibwa Treaty 9 Reservation.
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 440 (2016 census)

The Osnaburgh Ojibways (aka Mishkeegogamang FN - Albany River Band of Ojibwa's):
They are a community of the Ojibwa Treaty 9 Reservation.
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 1,069 (2016 census)

The Pikangikum Ojibways (Berens River Band of Ojibwa's):
They are a community of the Ojibwa Treaty 9 Reservation.
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 2,751 (2016 census)

The Poplar Hill Ojibways (Berens River Band of Ojibwa's):
They are a community of the Ojibwa Treaty 9 Reservation.
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 602 (2016 census)

The Sachigo Lake Ojibway (Sachigo River Band of Ojibwa's):
They are a community of the Ojibwa Treaty 9 Reservation.
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 506 (2016 census)

The Sandy Lake Ojibway (Sachigo River Band of Ojibwa's):
They are a community of the Ojibwa Treaty 9 Reservation.
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 1,599 (2016 census)

The Summer Beaver (aka Nibinamik - Winisk River Band of Ojibwa's) Ojibways:
They are a community of the Ojibwa Treaty 9 Reservation.
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 53 (2016 census) 337 Neskantaga (2016 census)

The Wapekeka Ojibway (Sachigo River through Big Trout Lake, Band of Ojibwa's):
They are a community of the Ojibwa Treaty 9 Reservation.
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 449 (2016 census)

The Wawakapewin Ojibway (Winisk River Band of Ojibwa's):
They are a community of the Ojibwa Treaty 9 Reservation.
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 40 (2016 census)

The Webequie Ojibways (Winisk River Band of Ojibwa's):
They are a community of the Ojibwa Treaty 9 Reservation.
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 312 (2016 census)

The Weenusk Ojibways And Cree (Winisk River Band of Ojibwa's):
They are a community of the Ojibwa Treaty 9 Reservation.
The Languages are Ojibway and Cree
The Population is 16 in village of Peawanuck and 258 on Crown Land (2016 census)

The Wunnumin Ojibway (Winisk River Band of Ojibwa's):
They are a community of the Ojibwa Treaty 9 Reservation.
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 563 (2016 census)




The Wabaseemoong Ojibways (Rainy River Band of Ojibwa's):
This band of Ojibways, inhabit the One Man Lake, Islington and the Swan Lake Reserves in Ontario, Canada. The size of these Ojibway Reserves is approximately 11,834 hectares.
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 969 (2016 census)

The Wabauskang Ojibways (Albany River Band of Ojibway):
They are a community of the Ojibwa Treaty 9 Reservation.
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 136 (2016 census)

The Wabigoon Lake Ojibways:
This band of Ojibways, inhabit the Wabigoon Lake Reserve in Ontario, Canada. The size of this Ojibway Reserve is approximately 5,209.2 hectares.
The Language is Ojibway
Population is 194 (2016 census)

The Wahgoshig Ojibways (aka Abitibi FN - Algonquin Band of Ojibways):
This band of Ojibways, inhabit the Abitibi Reserve, in Ontario, Canada. The size of this Ojibway Reserve is approximately 7,770.1 hectares.
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 136 (2016 census)

The Wahnapitae Ojibways (Lake Nipissing Band of Ojibways):
This band of Ojibways, inhabit the Wahnapitae Reserve, in Ontario, Canada. The size of this Ojibway Reserve is approximately 1,036 hectares.
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 60 (2016 census)

The Walpole Island Ojibways, Ottawa's And Potawatomi (they are really Swan Creek and Black River Chippewa's):
This band of Ojibways, Ottawa's and Potawatomi, inhabit the Walpole Island Reserve in Ontario, Canada. The size of this Ojibway Reserve is approximately 15,891.1 hectares or 39,267 acres. Many Ojibway's from the Chippewa Pelee Point Reserve, relocated to Walpole Island after 1920.
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 2,348 (2016 census)

The Wausauksing Ojibways (aka Parry Island FN - Lake Nipissing Band of Ojibways):
This band of Ojibways, inhabit the Parry Island Reserve in Ontario, Canada. The size of this Ojibway Reserve is approximately 7,486.8 hectares.
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 404 (2016 census)

The Wauzhushk Onigum Ojibways (aka Obashkaandagaang, Rat Portage FN, and Washagamis - Rainy River Band of Ojibwa's):
This band of Ojibways, inhabit the Rat Portage Reserve in Ontario, Canada. The size of this Ojibway Reserve is approximately 3,237.5 hectares.
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 148 (2016 census)

The Whitefish Bay Ojibways (aka Naotkamegwanning - Rainy River Band of Ojibwa's):
This band of Ojibways, inhabit the Whitefish Bay, Sabaskong Bay and the Yellow Girl Bay Reserves in Ontario, Canada. The size of these Ojibway Reserves is approximately 5,274 hectares.
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 1,154 (2016 census) (Animakee Wa Zhing #37 - 181) - (Northwest Angle No.33 - 217) - (Naotkamegwanning - 756)

The Whitefish Lake Ojibways and Ottawa's (aka Atikameksheng FN - Lake Nipissing Band of Ojibways):
This band of Ojibways and Ottawa's, inhabit the Whitefish Lake Reserve in Ontario, Canada. The size of this Ojibway Reserve is approximately 17,704.5 hectares.
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 385 (2016 census)

The Whitesand Ojibways (Lake Nipigon Band of Ojibway):
This band of Ojibways, inhabit the Armstrong Indian Settlement in Ontario, Canada. The size of this Ojibway Reserve is approximately 0 hectares.
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 360 (2016 census)